English Conjunctions and their uses



Conjunctions

Conjunction is a word which joins two independent parts of a sentence.

Conjunctions Table

And

Because

While

As

Either…or

But

Although

Until

Since

Both…. And

Or

When

After

That

Neither….nor

So

Unless

Before

As if

Not only… but also

Yet

Whether

Once

In order that

Whether…. or

 

3 different types of conjunctions

  • Coordinating conjunctions
  • Subordinating conjunctions
  • Correlative conjunctions

 

Coordinating conjunctions join two independent parts of a sentence

Subordinating conjunctions join a dependent clause to an independent clause

 

And

Use and to join similar ideas

I will go

Use and to show that one action follows another

I will go to the mall and buy clothes

Use and to show one action depends on another

They did not study and failed the exam

 

But

Use but to join two opposite ideas

You are a qualified person but I cannot give you the job

Us but to cancel the meaning of an idea

I like you but you irritate me a lot

 

Or

Use or to show choice

You should either come to school or leave it completely

Use or to give reason for something

Study hard or you will have to leave the colleges

So

Use so to signify Reason and then result

The traffic was really bad so I came late to the party

Use so to tell something more

They were very angry so they left early without even wishing me

Yet

Use yet to signify a strange fact

He misbehaved with me, yet he was my friend

Because

Use because to signify Result and then reason

I hate you because you always disturb me

Although

Use although to state a strange fact

He went to the school although it was closed

When

Use when to show the time when something happens

They called me when I was busy doing my work

Unless

Use unless to signify a condition

I will not let you enter the class unless you give me a valid excuse

Whether

Use whether to signify if

I do not know whether I should help you or ignore you

While

Use while to signify two things happening at the same time

He ate food while I watched the movie

Until

Use until to signify a condition

I cannot allow you to enter the room until you being the fees

After

Use to show one event happening after the other

I will call you after I complete my work

Before

Use before to show one event happening before the other

You should call me before leaving

Once

Use once to tell about as soon as

I will come home once I am done with my work

As

Use as in formal writing and speech to say ‘as a result’

I got worried as the teacher announced the quiz

Since

Use since in formal writing and speech to say ‘as a result’ of what happened first

I refused to help him since he had done the same last year

That

Use that to indicate the person or thing mentioned or understood

They clarified that they would never insult anyone

As if

Use as of to comment on how a situation seems

You are fighting with me as if I insulted you

In order that

Use in order that to show a purpose

I took admission in the academy in order that I could learn English

Either….or

Use either…. Or to talk about two possible choices

You should either come on time or not come at all

Both….and

Use both…. And to join two similar ideas

She is both ugly and dumb

Neither…..nor

Use neither…..nor to join two negative ideas

She is neither ugly nor dumb

Not only…..but also

Use not only…..but also to join two similar idea

He is not only intelligent but also handsome

Whether…..or

Use whether….or to emphasize the idea that it is unimportant which of the two possible choices is chosen

Tell me whether you are coming or not

Clauses






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