To find the factors of the number 12 you will have to find the two numbers which give a product of 12. This means that when you multiply 2 numbers they will give a product of 12. So let us start with the process:

1×12=12

2 x 6 = 12

3 x 4 = 12

So you can see that the factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12.